Osteoarthritis Treatment in Dallas
A Treatment for Osteoarthritis
The ends of your bones are covered in articular cartilage, which helps the bones glide smoothly. While all joints in your body are subject to arthritis, it affects the knees more than any other joint.
Your knees support much of your body weight. Over time, knee cartilage can sustain a great deal of wear and tear and begin to degenerate, resulting in osteoarthritis. The condition is progressive. Many people eventually end up needing a knee replacement. For more information, contact our orthopaedic specialists of Dallas at 469-200-2832.
What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It affects more than 21 million Americans. It tends to develop as people get older or from overuse of the knee during work or sports.
Osteoarthritis causes the protective covering at the ends of the knee bones to gradually wear away. This results in painful bone on bone rubbing and disrupted movement. Medications, physical therapy, and knee injections are often used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. Surgery may be necessary if pain and immobility limit your activities and lifestyle, despite non-surgical treatments.
What Causes Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis of the knee occurs as the articular cartilage in the knee joint breaks down, causing a reaction in the bone. The bones in the knee joint become thicker and develop growths (osteophytes or spurs). Lubricating fluid in the joint (synovial fluid) gets thicker and inflamed. If too much fluid is produced, a condition referred to as “water on the knee” can result.
With osteoarthritis, the knee joint continues to experience changes over several years. Eventually, very little of the articular cartilage remains. Bone-on-bone rubbing causes pain, impairs knee movements, and makes daily activities difficult.
Factors that increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis include:
- Excess weight or obesity that adds pressure to the knee joints
- Increasing age
- Women more than 50 years old have a higher incidence than men
- Knee injury
- Repetitive stress injury to the knee
- Participation in high impact sports
- Certain illnesses, including septic arthritis and metabolic disorders
What are Osteoarthritis Symptoms?
Osteoarthritis of the knee can cause knee pain and swelling. You may have difficulty moving your knee or performing activities such as walking, squatting, kneeling, and going up or down stairs.
What is the Best Treatment for Osteoarthritis?
Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee is individualized. The treatment that you receive depends on several factors, including your overall health and the stage of disease. Osteoarthritis of the knee is treated with physical therapy, lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, or a combination of treatments.
If you are overweight , your doctor may recommend that you lose weight. Attaining and maintaining a healthy weight reduces the load on your knees. Participating in physical therapy can help strengthen the muscle groups around the knee joint. A knee brace can provide support.
Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain medications such as aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Your doctor may prescribe stronger prescription pain medications if necessary. Joint injections, such as corticosteroid injections or visco-supplementation, are used for osteoarthritis pain relief.
Is there a Surgery to Treat Osteoarthritis?
If symptoms persist despite conservative treatments, knee surgery may be necessary. Osteotomy and joint replacement (arthroplasty) are surgical procedures to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteotomy is used to remove and reshape bone from the leg to cause a shift in body weight away from the damaged area. Casting, splinting, and physical therapy follow osteotomy. Recovery from osteotomy varies from 3 to 6 months for some people, and up to a year for others.
Total knee replacement removes the damaged portion of the knee and replaces it with artificial implants. Knee replacement is the most common type of joint replacement surgery. It is highly successful for relieving pain and restoring function. Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery uses smaller incisions, and is associated with shorter hospital stays, shorter rehabilitation periods, and a quicker recovery time than traditional total knee replacement. Your doctor will let you know which knee joint replacement method is best for you. Overall, most people experience a dramatic reduction of knee pain and the ability to resume functional activities after knee arthroplasty.
Knee Pain Caused by Osteoarthritis
If you are experiencing chronic knee pain due to osteoarthritis, cartilage transplantation is a treatment option that can help prevent the need for partial or full knee replacement at a later date.
With this innovative procedure, cartilage is harvested from a healthy joint in your body and transplanted to the affected area. In Dallas and Frisco, board-certified and fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons of Sports Physicians Orthopedics and Rehabilitation of Texas (SPORT) is an expert in the cartilage transplant procedure.
Cartilage transplants have been utilized for more than a decade with the latest techniques improving outcomes for patients due to smaller incisions, smaller patches that cover the defect, and the use of a patient’s own cells. As a result of these advances, patients are experiencing less pain and faster recovery.
Those with isolated full-thickness cartilage defects make the best candidates for cartilage transplantation. However, multiple defects can be treated with a single procedure.
DALLAS OSTEOARTHRITIS SPECIALISTS
Depending on the size and location of the lesion, recovery time can, on average, be achieved within six to nine months. Cartilage transplant patients come to SPORT from Dallas, Plano, Frisco, McKinney, Prosper, and other nearby locations. To find out if you’re a suitable candidate for knee cartilage transplant, arrange a consultation with one of our orthopedic surgeons by calling (469) 200-2832 or you can request an appointment online.